There are three main versions of the Book of Enoch, and it’s important to know which one is the most authentic. This blog will help you learn about the different versions and which one is the most reliable.
Checkout this video:
The Book of Enoch: An Overview
The Book of Enoch, written during the second century B.C.E., is one of the most important non-canonical apocryphal works, and probably had a huge influence on early Christian, particularly gnostic, beliefs. It is quoted in the New Testament by Jude (1:14–15) and referred to by name by Justin Martyr and others. Some consider it canonical, but it was not accepted into the canon of mainstream Christianity. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which included it among its Old Testament books until recent times (it is now considered an appendix to the Bible), and the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church still accept it as canonical.
The Authorship of the Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphal work (a work that claims to be by a certain author who did not actually write it) ascribed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. While it is not part of the canon of Scripture, it was considered Scripture by many of the early Church Fathers and is quoted in the book of Jude. There are three main versions of the book, and scholars are divided on which one is most authentic.
The Ethiopic version, which is the best known, was first translated into Greek in the late third or early fourth century A.D. It consists of 108 chapters and survives in complete form only in Ethiopia, where it is part of the biblical canon. This version includes an account of Enoch’s celestial ascension and visions of heaven and hell, as well as parables and moral exhortations.
The Slavonic version was discovered in 1886 and consists of 89 chapters. It lacks Enoch’s ascension account but includes some additional parables not found in other versions. Some scholars believe this to be the original form of the book, arguing that the other versions were edited to include Enoch’s ascent because critics charged that Christianity borrowed this motif from pagan mythology.
The Hebrew fragment, which was discovered in 1948 among the Dead Sea Scrolls, consists only of bits and pieces totaling less than a tenth of a chapter. While it does not add anything significant to our understanding of the Book of Enoch, it does provide some evidence that at least some Jews considered it inspired Scripture at one time.
The Date of the Book of Enoch
The date of the book of Enoch is a matter of debate. The majority of scholars believe that it was written in the second or first century BCE. However, there is a minority of scholars who believe that it was written earlier, in the third or fourth century BCE. The question of the date of the book of Enoch is important because it affects how we understand its place in history and its relationship to other early Jewish and Christian literature.
The Content of the Book of Enoch
Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, is an important figure in the Bible. He is mentioned in the opening chapter of Genesis and in the closing chapter of Jude. In between these two references, however, is a massive silence on Enoch from Scripture. This silence has led some to believe that the Bible doesn’t have much to say about him. However, this couldn’t be further from the truth. The Bible actually has a lot to say about Enoch—we just have to look beyond the canonical pages of Scripture to find it.
The book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphal work (a work that claims to be by a biblical character). The text dates back to at least 200 BCE, and it was very popular in early Judaism. In fact, it was so popular that some early Christians believed it was inspired by God and included it in their canon of Scripture (this version is called the Ethiopic Enoch). The book was eventually rejected by mainline Christianity as non-canonical, but its influence can still be seen throughout Scripture (especially in the book of Jude).
So what’s in the book of Enoch? The text contains five separate sections:
1) The Book of Watchers: This section tells the story of 200 fallen angels who take human wives and teach humans about astrology, magic, and other forbidden knowledge. This leads to such universal wickedness that God decides to destroy all life on earth through a flood.
2) The Parable of Enoch: This section consists of a lengthy parable that warns against rebellion and apostasy. It also teaches that righteousness will be vindicated and wickedness will be punished at the end of time.
3) The Astronomical Book: This section contains detailed instructions on how to calculate the motions of the sun, moon, and stars. It also includes information on how eclipses work and how to predict them.
4) The Book of Dream Visions: This section contains seven dream visions that Enoch has about the coming judgment of God against evil. These visions include warnings about false teachers and false prophets, as well as hope for those who follow God faithfully.
5) The Epistle of Enoch: This final section is a letter written by Enoch to his son Methuselah. In it, he urges Methuselah (and all future generations) to stay faithful to God in order to avoid His coming wrath.
The Significance of the Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch is a collection of ancient Jewish texts that were probably written between the second century BCE and the first century CE. They include prophecies, visions, and accounts of the fallen angels. The book was not included in the Hebrew Bible, but it was highly regarded by many early Christians.
Today, there are three main versions of the Book of Enoch: the Ethiopian Orthodox Church canon, theSlavonic canon, and the fragments found in the Qumran caves. Most scholars believe that the Ethiopian Orthodox Church canon is the most accurate version, as it includes all of the known fragments.
The book is significant because it sheds light on Jewish beliefs about angels and demons. It also contains some of the earliest references to apocryphal books, such as the Book of Watchers (1 Enoch 6-36), which were later included in other canons, such as the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha.
The Different Versions of the Book of Enoch
There are three main versions of the Book of Enoch: the Ethiopian, the Slavonic, and the Hebrew. Each one has slightly different content, but all three are based on a common core of material.
The Ethiopian version is the longest and most complete, and it is also the only version that has been translated into English. This version includes several additional books not found in the other versions, including an account of the fallen angels known as the “Book of Watchers.”
The Slavonic version is shorter than the Ethiopian version, but it includes some material not found in any other version, including an account of a great flood.
The Hebrew version is the shortest of all, and it is also fragmentary. However, it includes some material not found in any other version, including an account of a great war in heaven.
The Authenticity of the Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch is a pseudoepigraphal work (a work that claims to be by a biblical character). It is not considered canon by Judaism or any branch of Christianity, but it is still studied by some scholars. There are three main versions of the book, and it is unclear which one is the most authentic.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Church considers the first version, which was written in Ge’ez, to be the most authentic. This version was likely written in the 4th or 5th century CE. The second version, which was found in Cave 4 at Qumran, is written in Aramaic and is thought to date to the 1st or 2nd century BCE. The third version is a Slavonic translation that was made in the 12th or 13th century CE.
It is difficult to say which version of the Book of Enoch is the most authentic. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church considers the first version to be canonical, but this claim is based on tradition rather than on scholarly evidence. The Aramaic version found in Qumran is thought to be older than the Ge’ez version, but it is possible that both versions were based on an earlier, lost work. The Slavonic translation is also considered to be a reliable source for understanding the text, but it cannot be definitively said to be more authentic than either of the other two versions.
The Importance of the Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch is an important text in many different ways. It is one of the few books that survived the destruction of the Great Library of Alexandria, and it is one of the most important sources of knowledge about the fallen angels. The Book of Enoch was also quoted by the early Church Father, Origen.
However, there is some debate about which Book of Enoch is the authentic text. There are three main candidates for the title of “authentic Book of Enoch”:
The Ethiopian Book of Enoch: This is the most well-known version of the book, and it was this version that was quoted by Origen. However, some scholars believe that this book was actually written in the 5th century AD, and not in the 1st or 2nd century AD as traditionally thought.
The Slavonic Book of Enoch: This book was discovered in 1892 in Prague, and it is thought to be a translation of an earlier Greek text. Some scholars believe that this text is more accurate than the Ethiopian version, but there is still much debate on this issue.
The Hebrew Book of Enoch: This book was discovered in 1948 in Qumran, and it is thought to be the original Hebrew text upon which both the Slavonic and Ethiopian versions were based. However, this book has only been partially preserved, so it is difficult to judge its accuracy.
The Controversies Surrounding the Book of Enoch
The Book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphical work (a work of literature written in the style of an earlier, authoritative work) attributed to the Biblical patriarch Enoch. It is not part of the canonical scriptures of Judaism or Christianity, but it was considered sacred literature by some early Christians. The controversy surrounding the authenticity of the Book of Enoch centers on its status as a pseudepigraphical work; that is, a work that claims to be written by someone who did not actually write it.
The first controversy surrounding the Book of Enoch involves its authorship. The book purports to be written by Enoch, who was the great-grandfather of Noah and lived prior to the Flood. Some scholars argue that this is impossible, as the book must have been written after the Flood given its references to things that could only have happened after that event (such as the Tower of Babel). However, others argue that it is possible that Enoch could have passed down his story orally to his descendants, who then wrote it down after his death.
The second controversy surrounds the book’s content. TheBook of Enoch contains many passages that are bizarre and seemingly anti-scientific, such as the claim that stars are actually angels who occasionally fall from heaven. Some scholars argue that these strange passages are evidence that the book is a forgery, while others believe that they reflect Ancient Near Eastern cosmology (the study of universe origins and development) which was simply misunderstood by later generations.
The third and final controversy surrounds the book’sProtestant canonicity. While most Protestants consider the Bookof Enoch to be non-canonical (and therefore not Scripture), some Protestant denominations (such as Ethiopia) do consider it canonical. This debate largely revolves around whether or not pseudepigraphical works can be considered Scripture; those who believe they can point to other examples in the Bible where pseudepigraphy has been used (such as with Paul’s epistles).
Regardless of its disputed authenticity, the Bookof Enoch remains an important work in both Jewish and Christian tradition. It provides unique insights into ancient cosmology and belief systems, and it has exerted a significant influence on subsequent religious thought.
The Significance of the Book of Enoch Today
Books of Enoch: The Watchers, Second Edition (with Notes on the Three Suppressed Books of Enoch)By Joseph LumpkinThe three books of Enoch, very popular in the early days of Christianity, have fallen into obscurity. This is largely because they were suppressed by the church after the fourth century AD. Although never part of the canonized Bible, they were included in several important Bibles prior to their suppression. The most notable Bible to include them was the Ethiopian national treasure, The Kebra Negast. This ancient document has preserved these books for us and this second edition includes comprehensive notes on each book as well as an insightful treatise on their significance today.